Where are the Famous Seven Hills of Istanbul ?
Hosting the deep-rooted history and cultural richness of Istanbul, Seven Hills are a center of attraction for both local and foreign tourists. The story of the famous Seven Hills of Istanbul dates back to ancient times. According to the legend; During the Roman Empire, the city was positioned on seven hills to emphasize the sun, moon and 5 planets. After the Roman Empire, the borders of the city were preserved during the Byzantine and Ottoman Empire times and magnificent buildings were built on it. If you are wondering where these hills are, let’s explore together.
What are the names of the Seven Hills in Istanbul?
- Sarayburnu Hill (Sarayburnu Tepesi)
- Çemberlitaş Hill (Çemberlitaş Tepesi)
- Beyazıt (Süleymaniye)Hill (Beyazıt Tepesi)
- Fatih Hill (Fatih Tepesi)
- Yavuz Sultan Selim Hill (Yavuz Sultan Selim Tepesi)
- Edirnekapı Hill (Edirnekapı Hill)
- Kocamustafapaşa Hill (Kocamustafapaşa Tepesi)
Sarayburnu Hill also called Topkapı Palace Hill has been described as the heart of Istanbul from past to present. It is seen as the most important hill among the Seven Hills. Sarayburnu Hill is located at an altitude of approximately 30-40 meters from the sea. Sarayburnu Hill; It extends to Sirkeci in the north and Kadırga Harbor in the south. It was seen as a focal point in both Roman and Ottoman periods. Sarayburnu Hill has a rich historical architecture.
The structures on Sarayburnu Hill; Topkapi Palace, Hagia Irene, Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, The Basilica Cistern, Million Stone, German Fountain, Istanbul Archeology Museum, Historical Cagaloglu Turkish Bath, Sirkeci Station, Bukoleon Palace, Arasta Market, New Mosque, Istanbul Archeology Museum.
Çemberlitaş Hill is located approximately 50 meters above sea level. It is one of the most striking hills. Nuriosmaniye Mosque is located on Çemberlitaş Hill. It reveals the impressive architecture of the Ottoman Empire,Nuriosmaniye Mosque is the first mosque in Baroque style in Istanbul. It was built in 1755.
When Beyazıt Hill is mentioned, the first thing that comes to mind is the Süleymaniye Mosque, which was built by Suleiman the Magnificent. It was built by Mimar Sinan. Beyazıt Hill is located at an altitude of about 5-60 meters at sea level. Süleymaniye Mosque is the pearl of Beyazıt Hill with its magnificent appearance. It is also called as Süleymaniye Hill. There are Tomb of Mimar Sinan , Istanbul University and Beyazıt Tower.
Known as the highest hill of Istanbul, Fatih Hill is home to the most magnificent structures of the Byzantine and Ottoman times. Fatih Hill is named after Fatih Sultan Mehmet. The Fatih Mosque is located in this area. It was built in 1470. The construction of the mosque took 4 years.
Yazuz Sultan Selim Hill
Yavuz Sultan Selim Hill is located at an altitude of 74 meters from the sea. It lays the Golden Horn view under your feet. Yavuz Sultan Selim Hill is named after Yavuz Sultan Selim Mosque and Its Complex (Yavuz Sultan Selim Külliyesi). The construction of the mosque, which was built by Yavuz Sultan Selim, was completed by Suleiman the Magnificent. Fethiye Mosque and Fener Greek Patriarchate are also located on this hill.
Edirnekapı Hill is named as the place where the western walls of the city are located. It is famous for its historical Byzantine Walls. The hill is also known as Mihrimah Sultan Hill. It is located at an altitude of 70 meters from the sea. You can visit Mihrimah Sultan Mosque on Edirnekapı Hill. And also; Kariye Museum also has a remarkable beauty with its historical texture. According to the legend; since the region is located outside the walls, it was named “Khora” (Kariye), which means rural in Greek.
Kocamustafapaşa Hill is located in the region stretching from Aksaray to the coast of the Marmara Sea. It is 60 meters above sea level. The Haseki Complex is located here. It is one of the most beautiful structures of the Ottoman Empire times. At the same time, the rare work of the Roman Empire, Forum of Arcadius and its column are located on the Kocamustafapaşa hill.